Wednesday, May 20, 2020
Realities Two-Way Street Ignorance is bliss. This phrase, however comforting, is a provocative statement to the debilitating state of society and the human state of mind; the dual-edged comment is represented in both PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s Allegory of the Cave and the Wachoski brotherÃ¢â¬â¢s The Matrix through universes, similar to our own, where people are in strong states of illusion and ignorance. Both have a character, which is brought to the Ã¢â¬Å"lightÃ¢â¬ to realize this false reality and to liberate everyone else to a better reality, the Ã¢â¬Å"realÃ¢â¬ reality. Situations can arise where having knowledge of it can seem detrimental, however, our very existence as human beings is to live a life of bettering ourselves and the species in general through knowledge bothÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The matrix is a simulated world that tells a person how to feel, what he sees, tastes and will never know it is not his conscious decision. Mouse: Do you know what it really reminds m e of? Tasty Wheat. Did you ever eat Tasty Wheat? Switch: No, but technically, neither did you. Mouse: Thats exactly my point. Exactly. Because you have to wonder: how do the machines know what Tasty Wheat tasted like? Maybe they got it wrong. Maybe what I think Tasty Wheat tasted like actually tasted like oatmeal, or tuna fish. That makes you wonder about a lot of things. You take chicken, for example: maybe they couldnt figure out what to make chicken taste like, which is why chicken tastes like everything. Being in real world first hand lets a person decide what they experience through his own senses as opposed to a machine which has an idea what could be experienced. In contemporary times illusions that distract from reality are far from gone. Something like Facebook, which causes a disconnect from the physical presence of human interaction is a growing issue. People could spend hours looking up things about other people rather than personally knowing them and learning about him or her and in turn ruin the psychological sociological aspect that humans are social creatures that need interactions, which Facebook affects. Another would be is FarmVille, part ofShow MoreRelatedJames Joyce - Araby Essay1136 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesdifferent person. He faces up the harsh reality for which his previous experience has not prepared him. The story shows how the impact of the neighborhood and culture of Dublin influenced the boyÃ¢â¬â¢s life ideas, and how the circumstances the boy had to face up with made the him revalue his attitude towards his life. The story opens with a description of North Richmond Street: Ã¢â¬Å"North Richmond Street, being blind, was a quiet street ... An uninhabited house of two storeys stood at the blind end, detachedRead MoreCompare the Theatrical Techniques and Staging in Act One of Oleanna and Street Car Named Desire799 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesCompare the theatrical techniques and staging in act one of Oleanna and Street Car Named Desire The two plays Street car named desire and Oleanna are very different plays in their use of theatrical devices. Tennesse WilliamsÃ¢â¬â¢ play Street Car Named Desire gives us a long description of the New Orleans world its based in. Describing the flats with the name Ã¢â¬Å"elysan fieldsÃ¢â¬ relating the to heaven despite the appearance of the street that seems Ã¢â¬Å"falling apart at the fabric of the seemsÃ¢â¬ , the colour ofRead MoreHow Tv Makes You Smarter1532 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesworld turn on their television each night and watch a few moments to a few hours of television and it is hard to miss a reality show which on almost any channel. If they were to pause on one of these shows they might not know it but they would bettering themselves on a personal level. Based on the ideas of Steven Johnson the average person could learn a thing or two from reality TV. In his article called, Ã¢â¬Å"Watching TV Makes You SmarterÃ¢â¬ Johnson states that; For decades, weve worked under the assumptionRead MoreSonnys Blues1061 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesillustrates the painful nature of reality the two characters face as well as the power gained through it. The darkness represents the actuality of life on the streets of the community of Harlem, where there is little escape from the reality of drugs and crime. The persistent nature of the streets lures adolescents to use drugs as a means of escaping the darkness of their lives. The main character, Sonny, a struggling jazz musician, finds himself addicted to heroin as a way of unleashing the creativityRead MoreTangerine And The Establishment Of Physical Existence Theory1497 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesEstablishment of Physical Existence Theory Film exists in layers of physical existence and reality. You have the layer the audience views of the filmÃ¢â¬â¢s world - setting, characters, and plot - and then you have the layer the film production workers view of the filmÃ¢â¬â¢s world - actors, the set, and the story. Like photography, film is able to establish a physical existence. However, unlike photography, film uses two very unique and different techniques in order to establish its physical existence. AccordingRead MoreHow Does Williams Present the Themes of Illusion and Fantasy in a Streetcar Named Desire?899 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesHow does Williams present the themes of illusion and fantasy in A Streetcar Named Desire? The theme of reality vs. fantasy is one that the play centres around. Blanche dwells in illusion; fantasy is her primary means of self-defence, both against outside threats and against her own demons. Throughout the play, Blanches dependence on illusion is contrasted with Stanleys steadfast realism, and in the end it is Stanley and his worldview that win. To survive, Stella must also resort to a kind ofRead MoreDisney Is A Utopian Society1333 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagestheme park; it is portrayed as a Ã¢â¬Å"worldÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"landÃ¢â¬ of acceptance and integration of all cultures into one place. The universality aspect is what draws people in from different countries to visit the parks. Ultimately, the Disney parks are based off of two key concepts: commoditization and Americanization. Since Disney is an imagined utopia, guests buy into, literally and figuratively, the commodities and experiences it offers. Through music and visuals, Disney intertwines a message of Americanization Read MoreSocial Determinism And Its Power Over People s Perception Of The Truth1365 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesa moral in a story. By the same token, in Malcom GladwellÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Power of ContextÃ¢â¬ and Karen HoÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Biographies of Hegemony,Ã¢â¬ the two authors explain the ideology of social determinism and its power over peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s perception of the truth. The power of inducements play a big role in the way people are able to understand reality. The complexity of the truth can often alter the way people perceive things because there are so many different meanings that people interpret from the context of stories and situationsRead MoreTrying to Find Chinatown808 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Ramsey Ã 1 Ã Valeriya Ramsey February 8, 2014 Reality and Appearance of David HwangÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Trying to Find ChinatownÃ¢â¬ This play was written by Chinese-American in 1996, to show two extreme sides of one background. The theme of the play is a reality and appearance of two people that are so similar but yet so different. Stereotype is definitely stands out by David HwangÃ¢â¬â¢s style, symbols, setting and tone of voice. There are two subjects in the play. First is Ronnie who is an Asian- AmericanRead MoreAnalysis Of The Story Sonny s Blues By James Baldwin1481 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesBaldwin, we learn of two brothers and their lives growing up in Harlem. The narrator, who is the older brother in the story, narrates the trials and tribulations he and his younger brother (Sonny) had to endure growing up in such a harsh environment in Harlem (due to the drugs, violence, and Black s being looked down upon in general in the mid-1950s). We start in the future (present), with the narrator having a somewhat successful future being a teacher and having a wife and two kids (with one of them
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Sydney Muscat Mrs. Kimber ENG 4U 6 May 2013 The Madness of the Last Man Madness is a label created by society in order to imprison its dreamers. It is often usual to lock up critics of cruel commands, because creative people can be dangerous to totalitarian control. The critical essay Ã¢â¬Å"George Orwell and the Mad World: The Anti-Universe of 1984Ã¢â¬ by Ralph A. Ranald discusses the theme of controlled madness and of a reverse society in George OrwellÃ¢â¬â¢s Nineteen Eighty-Four. Ranald argues that Nineteen Eighty-Four is about Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦religion reversed, law and government reversed, and above all, language reversed: not simply corrupted, but reversedÃ¢â¬ (Ranald 251). He refers to Winston as an Ã¢â¬Å"antiheroÃ¢â¬ (Ranald 250), and Ã¢â¬Å"implies theÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦It is the huge role of communication that keeps people like Winston afraid of Big Brother, and furthers the plot of the novel. Despite the hurt between most relationships throughout Nineteen Eighty-Four, to say that Ã¢â¬Å"all human relationships are based on painÃ¢â¬ (Ranald 251) in the novel is false. Although I would agree that the OÃ¢â¬â¢Brian-Winston interactions would categorize under pain, the Winston-Julia relationship is about desire. Ranald fails to see that not all Ã¢â¬Å"human beings communicateÃ¢â¬ ¦ by inflicting pain on each otherÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ (Ranald 252) WinstonÃ¢â¬â¢s love for Julia is what kept him alive for so long, for at Ã¢â¬Å"the sight of the words I love you the desire to stay alive had welled up in him, and the taking of minor risks suddenly seemed stupid (Orwell 115).This quote proves that not all relationships are based on pain, only manipulated that way to make people afraid of defying the party. By showing the Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦ simple undifferentiated desire: that was the force that would tear the Party to pieces (Orwell 132), stopping the power of Big Brother. RanaldÃ¢â¬â¢s views on WinstonÃ¢â¬â¢s character are inaccurate and weak because it portrays Winston as an Ã¢â¬Å"antiheroÃ¢â¬ (Ranald 250), Ã¢â¬Å"passive and not self-awareÃ¢â¬ (Ranald 253), when actually his character representsShow MoreRelatedFrancess Kargbo. Mr. Bond-Theriault. 2Nd Period. 22 March1623 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesMarch 2017 1984 By: George Orwell From a new historicism , and psychoanalytic criticism view. Ã¢â¬Å"Big Brother is Watching YouÃ¢â¬ As the future nears, most of humanity is starting to realize that Ã¢â¬Å"2+2=5Ã¢â¬ (. There is manipulation that occurs constructed by the government to control every aspect of reality, technology taking human jobs, those who control the present write history, social hierarchy, and wars that have no purpose. 1984 by Eric Arthur Blair is known by his pen name, George Orwell may notRead MoreThe Literary Impact Of George Orwell . George Orwell, Born1375 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages The Literary Impact of George Orwell George Orwell, born as Eric Arthur Blair, was a British journalist and author. His works were compelling, especially, when it comes to his strong political beliefs. He is considered one of the most widely admired English-language essayists of the twentieth century. As Elkins points out, he is best known for the two novels that were written toward the end of his life: the anti-utopian political allegory Animal Farm and the dystopian novel Nineteen Eighty-FourRead More1984 Dystopian Society Essay1164 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesand behave the same. George Orwell created a dystopian society, Oceania, where the government was controlled by Big Brother. Winston Smith, the main character, slowly realized that the Party, or the government, was manipulating their society to make the Party immortal. Winston presumably wanted to stand up for his beliefs, without facing any consequences for going against the Party. By writing 1984, Orwell warns people of the dangers that totalitarianism places on society. 1984 reflects its historicalRead MoreA Rhetorical Analysis on Nineteen Eighty-Four1044 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesEIGHTY-FOUR Nineteen Eighty Four: A Critical Essay on Rhetoric Bereket Kifle Composition 12 Honors Abstract George Orwell employs the usage of different rhetoric throughout 1984.Ã Ã The rhetoric differs from describing the human body and its struggle to survive to the different crimes and how the citizens felt about them.Ã Ã Also, withinÃ 1984Ã lies a warning from Orwell: to eliminate the caustic consequences of a communist government.Ã Ã While Orwell served as part of the IndianRead MoreCensorship In 1984 By George Orwell717 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesThesis Statement: 1984 is a well-written cautionary tale that is perfectly applicable to todayÃ¢â¬â¢s political climate and other current events. This is shown through George OrwellÃ¢â¬â¢s intuitive predictions of the use of censorship, his discussion of the perception and nature of reality, and his timeless depiction of a too-real society. 1984 contains an intuitive look at the role censorship plays in the lives of human beings. One way this plays a main part in his novel is through government use of technologyRead MoreSymbolism In 1984 By George Orwell1136 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages2003 single, Ã¢â¬Å"2+2=5Ã¢â¬ refer to both 1984 by George Orwell and the administration of President George W. Bush. In the three distinct sections of the song, we hear about a character who chooses to live in ignorance, then becomes aware of the evils of his society. In the final segment of the song, the character struggles after learning about the truth, much like Winston Smith did in OrwellÃ¢â¬â¢s novel. The music was written and released during the presidency of George W. Bush, whose public reputation hadRead MoreAnalysis Of George Orwell s 19841377 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesover every aspect of their lives. George OrwellÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"1984,Ã¢â¬ conveys to its readers how the government presented totalitarianism and obtained cont rol over their citizens. This action by the government compares to the massacre of the Holocaust, which portrayed the act of totalitarianism by aiming discrimination towards one specific group who were under the leaderÃ¢â¬â¢s total control, and additionally associates with the U.S, which the Soviet say is a reality of OrwellÃ¢â¬â¢s totalitarian vision. The totalitarianRead MoreEssay on 1984: A Prophesy for the Future?1049 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe novel 1984 is a story about a future civilization that is ruled by a totalitarian government. When the book was published in 1949 the thoughts and ideas seemed to be a prophesy for the future. A totalitarian government is one of the strictest forms of government with the least amount of freedom for the people. A totalitarian government is a mix of the military, individual leadership and the national political party. Usually the leader is a person who has a kind of charisma that makes his authorityRead MoreVictory or Demise, Same Faces in a New Light1520 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesof others and venomous influence of greed is a common threat, shattering bonds between others. The good of others and greed tends to blind a person, weakening the connection between people, killing off trust, nobility, and shared bonds. In George Orwells 1984, love, friendship, and loyalty are crushed by the hands of an oppressive government and trust is scarce. A totalitarian government is threatened and helped by individuals, however, one thing is common, the obligation to love of the authorityRead MoreAnalysis Of Dystopian Literature1066 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesseem more ominous. One of the most fam ous dystopian novels that contains such devices is 1984 by George Orwell. It is a story set in a fascist political setting where the main character Winston Smith rebelled against the surveilling Party and ended up being detained for the purpose of brainwashing him into developing a fondness for the government. George Orwell demonstrated the dystopian genre in his novel 1984 through the use of haunting atmosphere, fear motif, and personification of Big Brother because
Question: How Ubiquitous Media Systems Are Used In Business Organizations? Answer: Introduction To start with, ubiquitous computing is basically an established concept in computer science as well as software engineering, which is generally adopted for making computing prevalent everywhere and everytime (Bell and Dourish, 2007). In contrast to desktop computing, this particular computing typically holds the ability of being utilized in any format, through any device as well as in any region. This approach makes possible for several different users to easily interrelate with computer, which essentially prevails in different forms such as laptop computer and tablets(Akesson Eriksson, 2007). Additionally, the technology also enables the user for interacting with computer by way of terminals, which are present within objects such as a pair of glasses or a fridge. Progressive middleware, latest materials, mobile protocols, new I/O, operating systems, sensors, internet, mobile codes, networks along with microprocessors are few among the fundamental techniques, which are frequently us ed for supporting ubiquitous computing. Taking into consideration the above discussion this particular research attempts to examine how ubiquitous media systems are used in business organizations. Project Objective The chief objective of this research project is chiefly to examine how ubiquitous media systems are used in business organizations. Project Scope The concept of ubiquitous computing has been stated in wide-ranging research subjects worldwide. Few of the research areas are artificial intelligence, human computer interaction, distributed computing, mobile networking, location computing and context-aware computing. The majority of the present-day human-computer interface frameworks, whether command-line driven, GUI-based or menu-driven as per several researchers, are essentially insufficient as well as unsuitable in case of ubiquitous media(Cope Kalantzis, 2010). Moreover, this statement basically implies towards the actuality that currently, there exists no any suitable natural contact model, which has been revealed and would sufficiently function like a ubiquitous computing system (Bell and Dourish, 2007). Nevertheless, one could not overlook the actuality that we all live within an ubicomp sphere in several different manners. Few facts, which assist this notion, take in interactive whiteboards, GPS, digital audio players, mob ile phones and lastly, radio-frequency identification. The application of ubiquitous media within companies has been greatly illustrated through a number of researchers. Several research studies performed related to such types of media have failed to highlight several important points. These can prove to be the likely gaps, which form the main grounds of this particular research, taking in the fact that the studies havent highlighted specific processes or measures around which the precise returns on investments could be equated over one means to other in comparison to the traditional techniques. Taking into consideration the above discussion, this particular research attempts to examine how ubiquitous media systems are used in business organizations. Literature Review To start with, ubiquitous computing is basically an established concept in computer science as well as software engineering, which is generally adopted for making computing prevalent everywhere and everytime. In contrast to desktop computing, this particular computing typically holds the ability of being utilized in any format, through any device as well as in any region. This approach makes possible for several different users to easily interrelate with computer, which essentially prevails in different forms such as laptop computer and tablets(Akesson Eriksson, 2007). Additionally, the technology also enables the user for interacting with computer by way of terminals, which are present within objects such as a pair of glasses or a fridge. Progressive middleware, latest materials, mobile protocols, new I/O, operating systems, sensors, internet, mobile codes, networks along with microprocessors are few among the fundamental techniques, which are frequently used for supporting ubiquit ous computing. The application of ubiquitous media within companies has been greatly illustrated through a number of researchers. Several research studies performed related to such types of media have failed to highlight several important points (Bell and Dourish, 2007). These can prove to be the likely gaps, which form the main grounds of this particular research, taking in the fact that the studies havent highlighted specific processes or measures around which the precise returns on investments could be equated over one means to other in comparison to the traditional techniques. The security and privacy of corporate information hasnt been guaranteed because of illegal admittance and attack through computer viruses. The majority of authors have not mentioned anything associated with data safety both offline as well as online. High fight for space within the marketplace has augmented overall adverts in social media platform and the users have several choices to make use of. The researchers havent mentioned anything related to how the application of such media systems could improve customers retention without unavoidably harassing them, in spite of their services and products being well-known. An alternative to saving time without necessarily interfering with the running of systems has not been mentioned either by the authors hence a potential gap; the future of use of ubiquitous media in business management and its relation to contribution towards achievement of vision 2030 has not been mentioned or foreshadowed hence can also be an opportunity for research (Bell and Dourish, 2007). The effect of using these media systems in businesses, managing of data, employee performance and the retrenchment in relation to organizational culture has also not been mentioned. These ubiquitous media systems have to be incorporated/ intergraded in the initial running of the business for compatibility and improved innovation which will result in enhanced productivity. The levels of integration vary differently according to (Roussos, 2006). Some of these levels include; informational system integration which involves; directional integration, electronic/ data, physical/ temporal, semantic/ contextual and many others(Schoch Strassner, 2002). The other is Enterprise level of integrations which involves; system specifications, system user, global integration, organizational integration and many others. The use of these media systems shares a vision of inexpensive, robust, small networked processing devices in their operations (Safko, 2010). The use of ubiquitous media in business is also referred to as U-Commerce by means of information and communication technology. Research Questions/Hypothesis Primary Question How ubiquitous media systems are used in business organizations? Secondary Questions What are the privacy issues in the use of ubiquitous computing What is the use of ubiquitous media in business Research Design and Methodology The research methodology could be largely split into two categories namely quantitative and qualitative research methods. A number of studies have established that both the research techniques are significant in nature (Punch, 2005). Nevertheless, the approach of qualitative research lays focus upon collecting subjective data whereas the quantitative data lays focus upon digits as well as numbers. Taking into consideration this particular research it has been decided that the research would be a mix of both quantitative and qualitative methods. However, more focus would be laid upon quantitative. The research would involve be based upon both primary and secondary facts, First of all, the primary data would be collected through way of interviews conducted among the employees of the chosen MNC. Secondly, the secondary data would be collected from different sources such as texts, journals, online sources, past research studies and books. Qualitative research The qualitative research would involve interviewing the sample size of around 10 individuals belonging to the concerned department of the chosen company. The interview questions would be set in a manner that they help in gathering maximum information and perceptions of the individuals involved. Quantitative research The quantitative research would involve distributing questionnaire among the sample size of around 50 individuals belonging to the concerned department of the chosen company. The survey questions would be set in a manner that they help in gathering maximum information and perceptions of the individuals involved. Research Limitations Like every research this research also involves few limitations. These include: Firstly, the research is chiefly based upon quantitative research considering the short time-period of the study. However, effort should have been made to focus more upon qualitative research as it helps in better understanding the perceptions and views. Secondly, the research is solely focussed upon one particular company. Thus, there would be limited findings. Thus, efforts should be made to conduct further research by considering two or more companies and making comparison between them. Time Schedule (Research plan) Blaxter et. al. (2006) holds the view that the formation and management of a research plan that completely highlights the all-inclusive process scope in contrast to a practical timescale is vital for the development of a sound control for a project or activity. Likewise, this particular research study aims to examine how ubiquitous media systems are used in business organizations across a time-period of around 12 weeks i.e. 3 months. Every week is linked to a diverse activity as well as the table below highlights that in great details: Conclusion To conclude, it can be clearly stated from the above discussion that this particular research study attempts to examine how ubiquitous media systems are used in business organizations. The application of ubiquitous media within companies has been greatly illustrated through a number of researchers. Several research studies performed related to such types of media have failed to highlight several important points. These can prove to be the likely gaps, which form the main grounds of this particular research, taking in the fact that the studies havent highlighted specific processes or measures around which the precise returns on investments could be equated over one means to other in comparison to the traditional techniques. References: Blaxter, L., Hughes, C. and Malcolm, T., 2006. How To Research. Berkshire: Open University Press kesson, M. and Eriksson, C., 2007. The vision of ubiquitous media services: how close are we?.Human Interface and the Management of Information. Interacting in Information Environments, pp.222-232. Bell, G. and Dourish, P., 2007. Yesterdays tomorrows: notes on ubiquitous computings dominant vision.Personal and ubiquitous computing,11(2), pp.133-143. Cope, B. and Kalantzis, M. eds., 2010.Ubiquitous learning. University of Illinois press. Croteau, D. and Hoynes, W., 2006.The business of media: Corporate media and the public interest. Pine forge press. Punch, M., 2005. Introduction To Social Research: Qualitative And Quantitative Approaches. London: Sage Roussos, G. ed., 2006.Ubiquitous and pervasive commerce: New frontiers for electronic business. Springer Science Business Media. Safko, L., 2010.The social media bible: tactics, tools, and strategies for business success. John Wiley Sons. Schoch, T. and Strassner, M., 2002. Today's impact of ubiquitous computing on business processes.
Thursday, April 23, 2020
The heroic characteristics introduced in VirgilÃ¢â¬â¢s Aeneid are different in comparison to the Homeric epic characteristics. Unlike Homeric epics the Iliad and the Odyssey, Virgil depicts Aeneas, the Aeneid epic hero, in a modern way, making Aeneas more relatable and better understood by the audience. The three major differences between VirgilÃ¢â¬â¢s epic hero, Aeneas, and HomerÃ¢â¬â¢s epic heroes, Achilleus and Odysseus, from the Iliad and the Odyssey are the use of inner struggles within the epic hero, the compassion towards personal relationships, and situational self-awareness with oneself and ones fate with the Gods. In the introduction of the epic hero, Virgil stage sets Aeneas in the middle of a storm at sea, created by Juno with the intention of killing Aeneas and his Trojan men. With the rage of the winds and waves destroying seven of the twenty ships, Aeneas expresses a sense of inner struggle through the quote, Ã¢â¬Å"Aeneas on the instant felt his knees go numb and slack, and stretched both hands to heaven, groaning out: Triply lucky, all you men to whom death came before your fathersÃ¢â¬â¢ eyes below the wall at Troy! Bravest Danaan, Diomedes, why could I not go down when you had wounded me, and lose my life on IliumÃ¢â¬â¢s battlefield? Ã¢â¬ (Aeneid I. We will write a custom essay sample on VirgilÃ¢â¬â¢s Prevailing Hero or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page 131-140). From first impression, Aeneas is not considered the conventional epic hero in contrast to the epic heroes depicted through Homeric epics; as one would not recollect Achilleus or Odysseus begging for the oncoming of death due to fear. In the introduction to the Iliad and the Odyssey, both classic heroes are portrayed with an outward appearance of strength and pride, showing no fear against enemies or monsters; they were primarily focused with conquering their external battles. Unlike Aeneas, Achilleus and Odysseus by no means let their terror over-power their mentality. Secondly, Aeneas has a trait of heroism that is absent within Homeric epics, which is having compassion towards his personal relationships. Aeneas has developed a deep love and devotion towards his father, son, wife, and lover. However, he is mainly focused on his duty to fulfill his destiny to the Gods; Aeneas was aware of the consequences of his actions towards his loved ones and felt remorse for the grief he had caused. An example of his remorse is through AeneasÃ¢â¬â¢s descent into Hades to retrieve advice from his father, Anchises, he recognizes a shade of Dido, that confirmed what Aeneas had feared would happen after his departure from his former lover, Ã¢â¬Å"He wept and spoke tenderly to her: Ã¢â¬ËDido, so forlorn, the story then that came to me was true, that you were out of life, had met your end by your own hand. Was I, was I the cause? I swear by heavenÃ¢â¬â¢s stars, by the high gods, by any certainty below the earth, I left your land against my will, my queen. (Aeneid VI. 610-620). In HomerÃ¢â¬â¢s Iliad, epic hero, Achilleus, is callous and arrogant but he expresses fondness for his dear friend, Patroclus, when he is murdered by Hektor. Achilleus mourns the death of his friend by translating this emotion into rage and revenge. Although Achilleus has a compassionate connection towards Patroclus, he lashed out with anger instead of expressing remorse from the loss of his friend. Finally, none of the Homeric heroes seem to posses the same ability to develop self-awareness and acceptance to fate from the Gods as Aeneas did in the Aeneid. Piety, being defined as the obedience to the will of the gods, is a key element into understanding AeneasÃ¢â¬â¢ motives for continuing his journey to discover the land which will become Rome. An example of Aeneas understanding his path in following his fate is through the end of the text when Aeneas is deciding the spare TurnusÃ¢â¬â¢ life. However, he notices the belt of Pallas and kills Turnus without hesitation. The killing of Turnus is the result of his fate and proof that his destiny cannot be hindered by his enemy, Turnus, and is convinced that he had fulfilled the destiny that had been prophesized. In HomerÃ¢â¬â¢s Iliad, Achilleus ignores the fate of the Gods and does what he feels is more acceptable towards himself and his pride. An example of this, is at the end of the text, Achilleus defies the Gods and murders Hektor with the knowledge that if he should do so he in turn would be slain. Overall, the decisions of the Gods played a large role in the choices Aeneas made throughout his journey. In conclusion, the depiction of an epic hero is either defined by whether they are being strong and weak. To me, this makes the heroes more relatable to real- modern characters. The different character developments of classic heroes between VirgilÃ¢â¬â¢s Aeneid and HomerÃ¢â¬â¢s Iliad and Odyssey give an implication of character growth throughout VirgilÃ¢â¬â¢s epic. Witnessing the inner conflict struggles Aeneas undergoes and his discovery of his fate, gives a feeling of understanding towards the epic character as he finds himself as a hero and a leader of his people.
Tuesday, March 17, 2020
Future of Business under Bush essays President George W. Bush has announced a 6-point agenda for stimulating the US economy that he plans to implement, if re-elected. The plan would help businesses as follows: The cornerstone of President Bush's economic plan is his proposal for eliminating double taxation on corporate dividends carrying a price tage of $ 370 billion over the next 10 years. At present, the IRS taxes a company's profits and then taxes investors who receive the profits as dividends as well. The measure is likely to benefit entrepreneurs and businesses that pay dividend income, and seeks to strengthen businesses in the long-term that choose to distribute capital to their investors by means of dividends. (Jones, 2003) Current tax laws permit small businesses to write off up to $25,000 worth of equipment purchases as expenses. The President's plan would increase that limit to $75,000 and index it to inflation - encouraging small businesses to buy technology, machinery, and other equipment needed for Small businesses would be allowed to join together to purchase health coverage for workers at lower rates, resulting in lower health care costs. Measures are planned to reduce mass tort lawsuits against businesses and health care workers and insurance companies that drive up costs of doing business. ("President Bush's Six-point Plan, 2003") Another Bush proposal relating to businesses is a comprehensive national energy plan focusing on upgrading the nation's electrical grid, promoting energy efficiency, and increasing domestic energy production. (Ibid.) ...
Sunday, March 1, 2020
How Long Are the SAT Subject Tests SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips The SAT subject tests are all one hour in length and are all multiple choice. However, they differ in features, format, and the time pressure you will feel depending on where your academic strengths and weaknesses lie. Let's discuss the differences among the subject tests and how you can beat the time pressure. First, let's consider the unique features of the test. Unique Features There are 21 different subject tests (I'm counting Biology E and Biology M as two separate tests). Of these tests, the language, biology, math, and chemistry tests have some special features, as explained below. Language Subject Tests Some language tests include a Listening component. Listening tests are always given in the first hour on test day, so you can only take one Listening test per test date. French, German, and Spanish have non-Listening and Listening options. Chinese, Korean, and Japanese can only be taken as Listening tests. Language Subject Tests are also the only Subject Tests with four answer choices per question. All other Subject Tests have five answer choices per question. Biology Subject Tests If you choose to take the Biology subject test, you have the option of Biology E or Biology M. While they share 60 core questions, each has an additional 20 questions with an ecological or a molecular focus. Learn more about which concentration makes sense for you by taking a look at some practice questions. Math Subject Test There are two math subject tests, Level 1 and Level 2. Level 1 requires two years of algebra and one year of geometry. Level 2 requires the same plus some understanding of trigonometry and pre-calculus. Level 2 also requires more extensive use of (and comfort with) a graphing calculator. Chemistry Subject Tests The chemistry test has a separate section on the bubble sheet for you to answer 5 special questions. These questions will ask you to compare two statements by balancing equations or making predictions about chemical reactions. The other tests are relatively straightforward in their format. Since all of them are one hour, a better question than, "How long are SAT subject tests?" would be "How many questions are on SAT subject tests?" This is where the answer gets a little more complicated. How Many Questions Are On Each Subject Test? Subject # of questions Literature ~60 US History 90 World History 95 Math Level 12 50 Bio E/M 80 Chemistry 85 Physics 75 French and German 85 (~85 with listening, 35% are listening) Spanish 85 (~85 with listening, 40% are listening Hebrew 85 Italian 80-85 Latin 70-75 Chinese with Listening 85 (33% are Listening) Japanese and Korean with Listening 80 (35% are listening) There isn't a huge amount of variation in the number of questions per SAT subject test time- the Literature test is the one that stands out as having significantly fewer questions. Don't assume this means it's easier, though! The Literature test involves close reading of passages, which takes up some of your valuable 60 minutes of test-taking. Now that you know how many questions are on each test, how can you use this information to maximize your time management under these strictly timed conditions? Tips on Timing Time Yourself When You Prep As you can see in the above chart, almost all of the tests have more questions than minutes. This means you are expected to spend less than a minute on each question. The best way to master the material and perfect your pacing is to practice under simulated timed conditions. Sit down for exactly one hour with a practice test, and don't give yourself extra time. Record how you do and see if you can beat your score each time you practice. You'll almost certainly see improvement as you get more familiar with the test. Use Questions From Real Tests College Board offers useful practice material here. You can learn about the content of each individual test and practice with questions taken from real tests administered in the past. Using high quality, relevant prep materials is the only way to prep effectively for the real thing. Move Quickly and Efficiently The strict timing of these tests allows no room for lengthy consideration or debate. If a question completely stumps you, don't waste valuable time on it. Mark it, skip it, and come back to it at the end with fresh eyes, or simply to make a guess and fill in a letter on the bubble sheet. You might get lucky and get the point! If you're skipping questions, leave a small amount of time at the end to revisit them or fill in the bubble sheet with guesses. Understand Your Ideal Testing Style Will taking three tests in one morning energize or exhaust you? Will you be able to focus on two or three subjects in one sitting, or will fatigue prevent you from performing well? The subject tests start between 8:30 and 9:00 in the morning. You'll get a five minute break between each test. Some students get an adrenaline rush jumping from one subject test to another. Others might have trouble shifting gears between subjects. Again, practicing under simulated conditions may help you figure out your testing style and whether you should take several subject tests on one date or space them out. Not only will timing yourself help create the conditions of the real test, but finding friends and peers to practice with will also resemble the experience of testing beside others. Guessing Strategies for SAT Subject Tests Unlike the general SAT, for SAT Subject Tests you lose a fraction of a point for each question you answer incorrectly. Here's how scoring works for Subject Tests (all the Subject Tests except the foreign language tests have five answer choices. Foreign languages tests have four answer choices): You get 1 point for each correct answer. A fraction of a point is subtracted for wrong answers: 1/4 point is subtracted for five-choice questions. 1/3 point is subtracted for four-choice questions. 1/2 point is subtracted for three-choice questions. No points are deducted for questions left blank. If your final score is a fraction, it's rounded to the nearest whole number - 1/2 or more is rounded up; less than 1/2 is rounded down. What does this mean for you? Too many random guesses could bring down your score, so you have to be smart on when to guess on a question (and risk a point deduction) and when to leave a question blank (with no change of getting it right). Here are some strategies to follow: If You Can't Eliminate Any Answer Choices If you're really stumped on a multiple-choice question and can't eliminate any of the options, donÃ¢â¬â¢t guess yet. Skip the question for now and return to it after you've finished the rest of the exam. What if you still canÃ¢â¬â¢t eliminate any answer choices? Then leave the question blank. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t blindly guess without eliminating any answers. Without eliminating any of your answer choices, you have a high chance of losing points by choosing the wrong answer. Here's the math: on a question with five answer choices, you have a 20% chance of selecting the right answer by guessing blindly. If you guess on five questions, odds are you will get four questions wrong and one right, or zero points total! This is why there is a wrong answer penalty on SAT Subject Tests it makes blind guessing pointless (literally). But because of how randomness works, you might end up guessing incorrectly on more questions than expectedmbsp;leaving you with a net negative number of points. If You Can Eliminate Only One Answer Choice It may make sense to guess here. Cross off the answer choice that you know is incorrect, and take a look at the rest of the answer choices to see if you can narrow down your options further. In this situation, you'll likely gain more points than you lose by guessing. If you guess randomly on 16 questions where you can eliminate one answer choice for each (with five answer choices to start), you will gain a full point on average (4 - (.25 x 12) = 1). It's not huge, but compared with leaving all those questions blank and getting nothing, thatÃ¢â¬â¢s a pretty good deal. But remember, this advice assumes purely random guessing, which is rare. A certain answer might be appealing to you for whatever reason, so you will go for that choice instead of taking a truly random guess. Test makers often try to make incorrect answers look more appealing so students are more likely to get tricked and choose them. When taking these factors into account, your chance of guessing correctly after eliminating one answer choice is actually less than 25 percent. In the example above, if you were to get even three questions right rather than four and 13 wrong rather than 12 you would be losing a quarter of a point (3 - (.25 x 13) = -0.25). If you do decide to guess in this situation, pick an answer as much at random as possible, rather than getting mired in the wording of each choice. For example, you may choose to always "A" on questions you're guessing on (unless that's the choice you've eliminated) to make your guesses as random as possible. If You Can Eliminate Two or More Answer Choices Now weÃ¢â¬â¢re talking! Even with the tricky wording of SAT questions, your chances of choosing the correct answer are high enough here that it may be appropriate to guess. Say you have a set of 15 questions where you guess after eliminating two choices (leaving you with three answer choices per question). With random guessing, this gives you a net total of 2.5 points (five questions correct, 10 incorrect; 5 - (0.25 x 10) = 2.5). Even if you donÃ¢â¬â¢t do quite that well and end up getting one more question wrong and one less right, that still gives you 4 - (0.25 x ) = 1.25 points earned. Of the answer choices you have left in this scenario, try to guess randomly. It can still be risky to guess here because we're assuming that all the answer choices you eliminated are definitely incorrect. However, if you have done your homework on the SAT and are familiar with strategies for eliminating incorrect answers, you should be good to go. Additional Note: If you take a practice test, I would recommend marking all the questions you guessed on so that you can later evaluate the success of your guessing strategies. This will also prevent you from just ignoring questions you got right by chance, which you should still revisit if you don't understand the material. Summary While these tests seem to have a lot of questions in a short amount of time, you'll definitely be able to get to all of them if you study effectively. Prep with high quality materials and train yourself in time management and pacing, the same way you would as an athlete. Taking two or three subject tests in one day may sound tough, but a lot of students actually get into a highly focused zone and feed off the energy of the challenge. Be strategic about how you schedule your tests, but remember you can always take the subject tests again if need be- most colleges will take your highest scores. Click here to learn about when you should take the SAT Subject Tests in and around the general SAT and all your other tests and finals. What's Next? Now that you're familiar with the length of the subject tests, how can you decide which subject tests to take? This article will help you choose which subject test is best for you. Are you also taking the SAT? Just like with the subject tests, it's vital to know the format and timing of the SAT. Click here to learn about the SAT and how you can manage your time during this long test. Also, check out our famous guide to how you can score a perfect SAT score. Are you more interested in the ACT? Read about how long it is and how you can pace yourself throughout the different sections. Then read about what a good ACT score for you is. Need a little extra help prepping for your Subject Tests? We have the industry's leading SAT Subject Test prep programs (for all non-language Subject Tests). Built by Harvard grads and SAT Subject Test full or 99th %ile scorers, the program learns your strengths and weaknesses through advanced statistics, then customizes your prep program to you so that you get the most effective prep possible. Learn more about our Subject Test products below:
Thursday, February 13, 2020
Victim Advocacy - Essay Example The need for such profile of the victim arose and its utility was realized when the investigation teams had to solve the cases of serial criminals. The development of the profile of the potential victims on the basis of the existing victim's information helped to trace the serial criminals. However, this strategy is now not restricted to the serial crimes only, rather a separate field of studies has been developed to work on the matter; this field is termed as 'victimology'. "The scientific study of victimization, including the relationships between victims and offenders, the interactions between victims and the criminal justice system -- that is, the police and courts, and corrections officials -- and the connections between victims and other societal groups and institutions, such as the media, businesses, and social movements." (Karmen) The concept of victim dates back to ancient cultures and civilizations. Its original meaning was rooted in the exercise of sacrifice -- the taking of the life of a person or animal to satisfy a deity. (Karmen) Before 1940's, as mentioned earlier, the criminology and the crime investigation had total focus of research and academic analysis on the criminals, victims had no significant place in the investigation. However, the field of criminology gave birth to victimology when Mendelson and Von Hentig started studying the victims of the crime as well, since were of the view that like criminals, the victims should also be the integral part of such analysis. These two are know as the father of the study of Victimology. (Roberson) Mendelson asserted that victims had an "unconscious aptitude for being victimized." (Roberson, 1994) Von Hentig published an article in 1941 with the title "Remarks on the Interaction between Perpetrator and Victim" (Hentig). Later on, he published "The Criminal and his Victim", a textbook on criminology in which he wrote a chapter about the victim (Hentig). He treated the victim as one of the participants in a crime. The term victimology was evolved by Mendelsohn in 1947 in a paper presented in French at a congress in Bucharest. Another significant contribution in the development of the field of Victimology as a separate discipline of studies is by S. Schafer who published in 1968 a remarkable book on the subject entitled "The Victim and his Criminal; a study into functional responsibility" It was the result of all these efforts that victimology evolved as a separate branch of studies in 1970's and is now progressing by leaps and bounds. Difference between Victimology, Criminology, Sociology and Psychology: Before moving on to the differences, one must be clear about respective definitions since they form the basis for difference. Criminology is the scientific study of the crime. Sociology is the study of the individuals, groups and institutions